The emergence of a newspaper in India is hampered by the political and economic history of the country. It has its own significance and prominence in the history of world affairs.
The advent of globalization and modernization brought the need for printing presses. With the invasion of the western part of the country, billions of residents have shown a hunger for knowledge. This is because India was growing exponentially in every way and it was difficult for the people to have access to everything that was happening in the country. Newspapers have eliminated hunger by contributing more and more over time.
The first newspaper in India was introduced by Hickey in Kolkata under the name ‘Calcutta General Advertise’. Founded in January 1780 it is also known as Hickey’s Bengal Gazette. This was followed by the establishment of another ‘Bombay Herald’ newspaper in Mumbai in 1789. Thereafter, the ‘Bombay Courier’ was introduced which was later merged with ‘The Times of India’ in 1861.
The first Indian language newspaper was Samachar Darpan in Bengali followed by the ‘Bengal Gazette’ in Bengal and the ‘Bombay Samachar’ in Mumbai. Later, in 1854, the first Hindi newspaper ‘Samachar Sudha Varshan’ was founded. The broadcast of Samachar Sudha brought development to the Indian media industry. After the newspaper became very popular among the Indians, most newspapers were published in almost all Indian languages. Every religion has its own language and they all choose to collect information in their own language newspapers. This makes it easier and easier for them and helps them to instill their language skills in their children.
Soon other newspapers, including the Bengal Journal, Oriental Magazine, Indian Gazette, Statesmen, Madras Mail and Madras Courier, were published. ‘Hindu’ was introduced in Madras as a competition for the Madras Mail. The newspaper became the voice of India at its inception as it helped people capture their country, love and humanity. All the information disseminated to the Indian people through the newspaper became an important tool of the liberation struggle. Today The Hindu is a daily newspaper published in almost every province of the world.
Newspapers collect all their news and information from four news outlets in India. These bodies are the C Press Trust of India (PTI), United News of India (UNI), Samachar Bharti, and Hindustan Samachar. Some of the leading books in India today are The Telegraph, The Statesmen, The Times of India, The Hindu, The Economic Times, and Indian Express.
Indian media has delighted Indian viewers with its diverse TV shows featuring celebrities from all walks of life, lifestyle shows, and other entertainment topics, including major shows that reflect people’s views, problems, and controversies. Exhibitions such as Big Fight, Seed Baat, Special Correspondent, National Reporter, and others have rocked Indian newsrooms. The latest outrage is crime scenes and those who discuss legal issues and order in cities.
Most Indians trust the media to see them as reliable media providers, believing that the media brings them closer to freedom of speech and culture. They feel they can express their views through the media. However, many viewers find a great deal of western influence in the Indian media.
The Indian media has reached the peak of operation and will continue to reach higher heights. Therefore, it is very important for you to take media training and build healthy relationships with the Indian media.
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